Response to Intervention
Reading Recovery and RTI: A perfect fit
Administrators and teachers discuss Reading Recovery’s role in this 6-minute video. After viewing the video, we invite you to complete a quick evaluation survey.
What is response to intervention?
Response to intervention (RTI) is an educational approach to instruction, assessment, and intervention designed to provide effective, data-based interventions for struggling students. Although conceived as a means of early identification and determination of special education eligibility, RTI is increasingly becoming an overall approach to school improvement through general education. Possible benefits to an RTI approach include:
- fewer inappropriate referrals to special education
- earlier intervention with students at risk of literacy failure
- greater ongoing collaboration between general and special education
Reading Recovery and RTI
Although RTI involves multiple interventions for various needs across grade levels, one literacy intervention has compelling evidence for meeting the intent of the legislation for first graders. The goal of Reading Recovery is to dramatically reduce the number of first-grade students who have extreme difficulty learning to read and write, and to reduce the cost of these learners to education systems. With more than 25 years of implementation in the U.S. and high research ratings from the U.S. Department of Education’s What Works Clearinghouse, Reading Recovery is a proven intervention used by thousands of elementary schools.
An ideal fit within an RTI framework
Reading Recovery is a close fit with eight crucial features of RTI, adapted from frameworks provided by the National Research Center on Learning Disabilities and the International Reading Association Commission on RTI.
Other online resources
Reading Recovery as an Effective Component of RTI on-demand webcast
- Download an article by Frank R. Vellutino (PDF)
“Learning to Be Learning Disabled: Marie Clay’s Seminal Contribution to the Response to Intervention Approach to Identifying Specific Reading Disability”
- Download a briefing paper on Reading Recovery and specific learning disabilities (PDF)
“Early Literacy Matters: Dyslexia, Specific Learning Disabilities, and Reading Recovery”
- Download an RTI fact sheet with Sterling, Colorado case study (PDF)
- Download an annotated bibliography for Reading Recovery and RTI (PDF)
Early Literacy Intervention: Expanding Expertise and Impact
In 2010, administrators from Reading Recovery school districts across the nation provided information about how Reading Recovery works within their RTI frameworks. Several RTI resources were included as part of the Early Literacy Intervention initiative, developed by the Reading Recovery Council of North America in partnership with the U.S. Department of Education. The purpose of the initiative was to create professional development resources that would strengthen early literacy outcomes with students nationwide.
Free RTI resources include a 6-minute video, on-demand webcast, a study and summary of administrator experiences, and details from each of the implementations included in the study.